Lenten Bible Study

Lenten Bible Study #1 is the first of five studies that plans to incorporate Readings from the Book of Romans with Martin Marty’s book,

October 31, 1517. 

These studies will be offered on Sundays @ 9:15 and Mondays @ 10 am in the Luther Room.

Lesson #1 REPENTANCE.        

Read Romans 2:1-11.  In the early church who is to receive no partiality and why? 

Who is passing judgment on whom?  In verse 4, the kindness, forbearance and patience of God

are Hebrew (Jewish) traits. 

Kindness in Greek is (chrestotes). According to Barclay it is the compassion that Jesus bestowed upon the woman who was anointing his feet as well as the compassion shown the woman who was to be ‘stoned to death’ for adultery.

Forbearance means (anoche) or to have a truce that ceases hostility for a period of time.

Patience (makrothumia) according to Chrysostom is having the power to crush an enemy and choosing to withhold that power.

Barclay:  “… almost everyone has ‘a vague and undefined hope of impunity’, a kind of feeling that ‘this cannot happen to me’.  Paul told the Jewish converts that they were taking the mercy of God as an invitation to sin rather than an incentive to repent.

Read Chapters 1-3 in Martin Marty’s book,

October 31, 1517. 

(If you need a copy please contact the office.)


Chapter One:  An Invitation  1. Martin Luther said, “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, ‘repent’ he intended the entire life of the believers to be repentance.”  What is you initial response to the word repentance?  Do you think of repentance as an important part of your own spiritual journey?  Why or why not?  Are there time of the year –Lent perhaps – when you might think more about repentance?


Chapter Two:  Repentance Here Means a “Change of Heart”  1. The concept of ‘repentance’ is not popular today in secular circles, and indeed in some Christian ones.  Does that influence your own understanding or appreciation of repentance?  If you consider repentance as a “change of heart”, does that cast the concept of repentance in more positive light?  Repentance can be an individual or corporate exercise of a nation or congregation.  How does personal or corporate repentance have any “effect” when the past is done and gone?  Has personal repentance in your own life helped you to develop new patterns or resolves?


Chapter Three:  A Five-Hundred-Years-Ago Argument over “Penance”  3. Luther’s posting of the 95 Theses took place at a time of great discontent and upheaval in the church specifically about the “rites of penance” — or the means of repentance in the Catholic Church at that time.  Today confession and repentance are important in both Catholic and Protestant traditions, but they are practiced in different ways.  Consider how integral confession and repentance are in you own life.

Come to Bible Study and Lenten Worship.  Lesson 2: Justification; 3: Communion; 4: Reconciliation; 5: Transformation. 

Let us grow together!


Pastor Steve